Though it may come as a surprise, the precise scale of “waste employment” in Poland is not clear. Estimations vary from less than 1 million to 7 million depending on who is counting.
Figures provided by the National Labour Inspectorate indicate that ca. every fourth civil contract should be substituted with a contract of employment. It appears that “waste contracts” have become a specialty of many Polish entrepreneurs. In 2008, the Inspectorate ruled only 8 percent of contracts as inappropriate, even fewer – 7 percent – the year before, but since then the number of illegal contracts of order and contracts for specific work has only increased. How many “waste contracts” are there?
– There is no simple answer – says Łukasz Kozłowski, expert of Employers of Poland. – It all depends on who is counting – he adds. The discrepancy is truly huge.
The lowest number is given by the Social Insurance Institution. According to it, at the end of May, a contribution for health insurance on the basis of an order contract was paid by 919.5 000 people. The Ministry of Labour considers the figure to be a bit lower. – According to our estimations, ca. 930 000 Poles work this way – says Viceminister of Labour and Social Policy Jacek Męcina. He stresses that abuses of civil contracts have an impact mostly on young employees. – There is no data as to how many of those employed on civil contracts are young people entering the labour market, but we believe that as many as every third young person start a career this way – he comments.