Zbigniew Bartuś: Union leaders claim that Poland is a state of XIXth century capitalism, where entrepreneurs have more and more profits and do not want to share.
Andrzej Malinowski: This is not true. In fact employers have a fairly restricted scope of possible action: they cannot offer less than their competition, as no one would want to work for them. Wage pressure is now heavy. Entrepreneurs’ profits are the least secure element of this jigsaw. It is the employers who assume all risk resulting from changes in material and final goods prices, the actions of the competition, the interference and unfavourable decisions of the government administration. Profit is no crime – it is simply reward for the effort and the risk. Without profits entrepreneurs would have no resources to invest and without investments neither economic growth, nor job creation are possible.
Z.B. Unions claim that wages grow too slowly.
A.M. The only way to have wages grow quicker is to ascend in the global value creations chain. The process of overcoming barriers resulting from years and years of neglect is an arduous task. Government policy is a hindrance rather than a facilitating factor in this regard. By letting wages grow too much at a time when we are only starting to make up ground on Western Europe, we would condemn ourselves to being stuck in the so-called average growth trap.
Z.B. Unions want the minimum wage to be at least 2000 PLN.
A.M. This is a very bad idea, as it would harm the less qualified and experienced employees more than employers. If we raise the minimum wage to 50 percent of the average wage, as many as 2.7 mln jobs may be in danger.