Differences in unemployment between regions are still high. Regions in the best condition record an unemployment rate of less than 3 percent, while in the Szydłów county – the worst in Poland in this respect – it is close to 32 percent. The economic upturn means that finding a job is getting easier all over the country, but the rate of improvement varies.
Comparing most recent GUS figures on registered unemployment in each country in February 2016 with analogous year to year data, one can clearly see that in each of them unemployment dropped. The most spectacular improvement was achieved in Sztum, where the rate dropped from 23.7 percent to 18.6 (by 5.1 percentage points) and in Wągrowiec – from 16.3 percent to 11.3 percent. Wysokie Mazowieckie and Mońki found themselves on the other side of the spectrum with an improvement in unemployment rate as small as 0.1 percentage points.
The fact that year to year unemployment is decreasing in every country can be attributed to the strength of the economic upturn which we are currently experiencing. However, this does not mean that the differences between regions will be levelled. This is indicated a.o. by the decrease in unemployment on counties with the highest unemployment rates being proportionally lower than the average decrease in the rest of the country. One of the priorities of the “Responsible Growth Plan” (the so-called “Morawiecki’s plan”) is to aid a more territorially equal growth. Even is this goal is attained, the level of economic activity will still be differentiated to certain extent, as a consequence of natural economic processes. Therefore, eliminating barriers for spatial and professional mobility is and indispensable element of labour market policy.
Łukasz Kozłowski, economic expert of Employers of Poland