The nineteenth session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) kicked off on November 11, 2013 in Warsaw. Its main goal is to create a roadmap for a new global climate treaty to be signed in 2015.
Jacek Brzozowski - an expert of the Employers of Poland - says that it is desirable to reduce greenhouse gas emission. However, if European climate protection policies are to bring notable effects, they need to be a part of a global agreement. It is the only way to avert negative changes in climate caused by human activity. Hence the EU debate on greenhouse gas reduction targets should be conducted in reference to a broader perspective of a new global climate agreement. Employers of Poland hope that during the conference the top carbon dioxide emitters - China, Russia, India, and USA – will show willingness to contribute to such policies.
Brzozowski says that greenhouse gas reduction efforts made by European Union alone are of little importance in a global perspective as the EU's share of global emissions is about 11 percent. A 20 percent reduction within the EU means a 2.2 percent reduction on a global scale. EU’s carbon dioxide output is falling but emission is still increasing due to its „import” from other countries. This means that the efficiency of the EU’s climate protection policies depends on the rest of the world. The options for moving beyond a 20% reduction by 2020 should only be discussed if there is a global consensus to introduce similar-scale emissions reductions. As a matter of fact this stipulation is made in the climate and energy package of binding legislation.
The Employer’s of Poland expert also notes that due to a big role of coal in our power industry Poland is exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage – a transfer of energy intensive and high-emission sectors and sub-sectors to countries which have laxer constraints on greenhouse gas emissions. Respecting the obligations Poland has as an EU member state and solidarity in common climate policy goals we should bear in mind specific features of our country and still pay close attention to securing its interest.
The Conference of the Parties (COP 19) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will be held 11th to 22nd November at the National Stadium. Hosting the conference is linked with Polish Presidency of COP19/CMP9 and leading the global climate process. Marcin Korolec, the Minister of Environment of Poland assumed the Presidency of the UNFCCC process on the first day of COP 19.
The article is also available in Polish at http://www.pracodawcyrp.pl/stanowiska/art,5669,tylko-globalne-inicjatywy-dotyczace-ochrony-klimatu-maja-sens.html