Contrary to Prime Minister Tusk’s statements in the so-called second expose and a negative opinion presented a year ago by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, premiums will be imposed on contracts for a specific task. The change in government policy which occurred a few weeks ago, aimed at imposing social security premiums on civil contracts, is quite surprising. At the same time, the government appears to ignore all arguments regarding the negative impact of such a solution on the labour market and the economy as a whole.
I would like to stress that a year ago, the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy presented its comments regarding the suggested imposition of premiums on civil contracts. They stated clearly that “contracts for a specified task, as result-based contracts do not fit the social security system”. Apparently, the government has now changed its stance, as at yesterday’s meeting of the Social Security Working Group of the Trilateral Commission for Social and Economic Affairs, Vice Minister Marek Bucior presented a proposition of introducing obligatory pension premiums to contracts for a specific task. As is often the case with fiscal ideas, this concept will surely sooner or later be implemented, possibly before the end of the year.
The need to curb the financial deficit of the FUS (Social Security Fund) is now becoming the most important aim of government policy, as it looks for new sources from which to support the fund. It is hard to escape the impression that in our country, the social security premium is now a tax, rather than what it was initially intended to be.
Imposing premiums on civil contracts means an increase in job costs, which in turn increases the risk of a higher unemployment rate and stronger black economy. Self-employment may also be a popular strategy, which is confirmed by representatives of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy. This means that the planned changes will only worsen the situation of employees on civil contracts, rather than improve it.
Instead of looking for causes of the increased popularity of civil contracts, the government is, as usual, concerned with combating the effects. We should look to provide employers with the appropriate legal environment, which will stimulate job creation and encourage then to use employment contracts. Increasing the job costs is the worst possible choice.