Data from the European Patent Office (EPO) regarding the number of patents granted in 2013 is not a cause for optimism. – Polish entities received nearly 19% more patents than the year before, but there were still only 95 of them in total – says expert of Employers of Poland Piotr Wołejko. In comparison, Spain got nearly 400, Austria – over 800 and Germany as many as 13 500.
However, the figures presented by EPO do not come as a surprise. They reflect the structure of Polish economy, where micro- and small-sized companies account for ca. 99.8% of the market. Meanwhile, mostly medium-sized and large companies engage in research and development and offer innovative goods and services.
The role of high technology in Polish export is minimal – only a few percent – and we are talking about export with a value of over 150 bln euro. Moreover, most of this unremarkable impact comes from foreign companies and concerns and not from Polish entrepreneurs. Why is that the case? One could point to the unwillingness of the Ministry of Finance to provide support instruments for innovative entrepreneurs. They cannot count on any exemptions. The Ministry still chooses today’s “profits” (exemption it could grant, but does not do so) over future benefits (diverse forms of budget income from innovative companies). Poland cannot afford such a short-sighted policy. As much support as possible is needed to improve the innovativeness of Polish companies and, as a result, the economy as a whole. By standing still we will in fact take a step back, as nobody will wait for us.
Piotr Wołejko, expert of Employers of Poland