Representative of Employers of Poland Michał Maksymiuk chairs the delegation of Polish employers at the 103rd session of the International Labour Conference, which is held in on May 28th – June 12th in Geneva, with a motto of "Developing economies through decent work".
At the plenary session on June 5th, Mr Maksymiuk presented the common voice of Polish employers regarding key problems of the domestic labour market.
He drew attention to the fact that Polish economy has been experiencing an economic upturn for about a year and its growth rate is increasing. Real income is increasing at the fastest rate in five years, which is reflected in retail sales. Companies are more confident and are starting to use their financial reserves on investment and job creation.
Meanwhile, one of Poland’s most pressing issues is the low employment rate among people in production age. For the 20-64 age group, the rate is ca. 65 percent, a little more than 10 percentage points less than in leading European countries. The primary cause of this is the number of women and people over 50, among the employed. Reducing the unemployment rate, which in recent years has exceeded 13 percent, will be one of the biggest challenges of the near future.
Another challenge is the unemployment among young people and their emigration in search of a job, Action aimed at appropriately preparing young people to enter the job market and encouraging employers to employ them should be undertaken.
At the end of May 2014, regulations of the amended act on employment promotion and labour market institutions came in force. A wide array of new mechanisms is intended to improve the quality of service in order to better activate the unemployed.
Finally, social partners are faced with a challenge posed by the breakdown in tripartite dialog. In June 2013, trade unions withdrew from institutional social dialog at the national and regional level, as the saw it as a mere façade. In principle, employers agree that social dialog institutions should be changed. In their opinion, the Tripartite Commission should be independent of the government, have its own budget and rotational leadership. Like the trade unions, employers want the social partners’ ability to impact on the legislative process and spending of Labour Fund resources to be greater. The responsibility of local government for regional social dialog should also be bigger.
The International Labour Conference is the highest organ of the International Labour Organization and takes place every June, gathering members of tripartite delegations from 185 member states.