Poland’s improvement by 3 positions (from 38th to 35th) in the Corruption Perception Index is good news. In 2012, we were still outside the top 40, and in 2005 we were in mid 70’s, so improvement is significant. At the same time, we have to be aware that there is still a massive gap between our country and the leaders of this ranking – compared to the leader, Denmark, our score is lower by 1/3.
Corruption, similarly to other pathological phenomena, such as grey market, nepotism and unlawful lobbying create an imbalance and cause significant losses for entities operating in accordance with the law. Corruption occurs both in relations between the public administration and business and in relations between business entities. In the latter case, restricting corruption is dependent on improving supervision and placing more importance on ethics. Internal pressure to acquire new contracts and orders is often so big that corruption starts to be seen as an attractive solution. Such situations should be eliminated.
In the case of contacts between the public sphere and business, a broad range of solutions could be implemented: eliminating ambiguities in regulations which leave room for arbitrary interpretation; changing the lawmaking procedure so that it is transparent and information is available to citizens; restricting bureaucracy and removing excessive steps in decision making, both of which blur the picture of the legislative process and the responsibility for decisions; changing the recruitment process in public administration, as today personal contacts are often more important than the candidate competences.
If we implement at least some of the postulates mentioned above, our chase after Denmark will have a much faster pace than before. And it pays to make up ground quickly, as corruption hurts everybody – citizens, entrepreneurs and public institutions.
Piotr Wołejko, expert of Employers of Poland