- Poland is increasingly experiencing the phenomenon of migration, primarily associated with job search. This phenomenon is of great importance in view of unfavourable demographic forecasts for Poland and economic consequences that will be associated with it - says the expert ofEmployers of Poland, Monika Zaręba.
On December 18th we celebrated the International Day of Migrants. This date is not accidental, because exactly 24 years before the UN General Assembly by resolution 45/158 adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Workers - Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. According to the UN, the number of migrants in the world was 232 million people – more than 3.3 percent of the population – in 2013.
Poland is increasingly experiencing the phenomenon of migration, especially that associated with the job search. The subject of cross-border flows of workers is growing, not only in the context of emigrating Poles, but also because of the foreigners coming to work in the our country. This is important in view of the unfavourable demographic forecasts for Poland and economic consequences that will be associated with it.
Policy towards foreign workers is today an integral part of economic development policy. In the case of Poland the most appropriate model of migration policies if that oriented to the labour market, which will promote the integration of immigrants and complementing labour shortages in our market. For this purpose, it is necessary to conduct continuous monitoring and updating of the list of deficit and surplus professions at the regional level. The offer for foreign students should be linked primarily to the needs of Polish society and economy. This is one of the key ways in which Poland will be able to obtain suitably qualified personnel, particularly in shortage occupations.
To reduce the risk of extending the shadow economy (including human trafficking for forced labour) it is important to be aware how important legal immigrants are, and thus to ensure broad access to clear information in a language understood by the immigrant. At the same time language and cultural education should be provided. As a result of these actions we can reduce the phenomenon of undeclared work and intercultural friction.
Monika Zaręba, an expert of Employers of Poland