In 2013, total energy consumption in the EU was the lowest in 20 years – it fell to the level of early 90’s. The all-time high was recorded in 2006 and since then the trend has been negative.
The main causes of this state of affairs are the economic crisis and a constantly increasing energy efficiency of European economies. Together with low prices of crude oil, gas and coal this will enable EU countries to significantly reduce expenses on fuel import which now exceed 400 bln euro a year.
The total balance of energy consumption is calculated based on tons of oil equivalent – the energetic equivalent of one ton of crude oil with particular characteristics. According to Eurostat figures, the total energy consumption balance for EU states was 1666 mln tons of oil equivalent which is a decrease of 9.1 percent compared to the all-time high of 1832 mln tons recorded in 2006. At the same time, figures point to a high energy dependency of EU states. Import of energy and its sources constitutes 53 percent of energy consumption in the city.
Energy consumption in Poland maintained more or less the same level. In 2013 it was 98.2 mln tons of oil equivalent compared to 103.3 mln tons in 1990. This means that Polish economy significantly reduced its energy consumption and energy consumption per generated GDP unit decreased by half. This trend will continue in the coming years. Increased demand for energy – resulting form economic growth – will be compensated by increased energy efficiency, a consequence of technological progress.
Jacek Brzozowski, adviser to the President of Employers of Poland