According to the latest report of the Work Service: Economic migration of Poles, every fifth Pole of working age does not exclude economic migration as their option over the next 12 months. 6.4 percent of respondents are planning such a trip and 14.3 percent are considering it. The percentage of those planning to leave the country has increased by 1.4 percentage point compared to 5 percent in 2014. This means that 250 thousand people more than in the previous year are determined to emigrate.
The report indicates that for 78% of the potential emigrants the main motivation is obtaining higher remuneration. The second most common reason is a desire to raise the standard of living (44 percent) and the third is the lack of a suitable job in Poland (37 percent). Such factors as: the desire to travel and explore the world (35 percent), better health care (29 percent), and improved social conditions (19 percent) are also among the motivations that play an important role. Poles considering emigration most often indicated the intention to travel to the UK (27 percent, Germany (26 percent), Norway (11 percent), and the Netherlands (9 percent).
Migration of workers are a phenomenon inherently accompanying today's Europe. It is a natural mechanism for increasing the efficiency of the allocation of labour resources in the countries of the European Union. Despite a stable economic situation in Poland and falling unemployment rate, the number of people considering emigration remained at such a high level - and this situation will continue. From the point of view of ensuring sustainable development prospects of the Polish economy, it is important that these processes are properly monitored and recognized. In parallel, measures must be taken to balance net migration in the long term. Less numerous younger and young generations are entering the Polish labour market today and the relatively numerous post-war baby boomers are leaving it. In conjunction with the emigration remaining at a high level - we will soon be facing a shortage of workers in certain sectors.
Jacek Brzozowski, advisor to the President of Employers of Poland